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Hot Research News

NeuroSeries Online Event Focused on MG Diagnostics and Treatments Webinar 

Current management options for generalized myasthenia gravis (gMG) often leave patients with uncontrolled symptoms and frequent myasthenic crises. Recent improvements in the understanding of the complex pathophysiology of gMG, including the pivotal role of IgG autoantibodies, have led to new antibody tests to improve diagnoses. In addition, targeted treatment options may help address the need for a more rapid onset of effect while improving efficacy.




Join moderator James Howard Jr., MD and esteemed speaker Nicholas Silvestri, MD, FAAN as they discuss emerging biomarkers and autoantibody tests to improve diagnosis, provide patient-centered management, and enhance patient- and physician-reported outcomes. Webinar replay from Tuesday, March 9, 2021 VIEW THE REPLAY HERE.


This NeuroSeries event is provided by PlatformQ Health Education, LLC working in collaboration with the Myasthenia Gravis Foundation of America (MGFA), National Organization for Rare Disorders (NORD), and the Muscular Dystrophy Association (MDA).



AstraZeneca Agrees to Acquire Alexion, the Maker of Soliris, for $39 Billion 

Alexion, a Boston-based rare disease pharmaceutical and MGFA industry partner, has entered into an agreement to be acquired by AstraZeneca, one of the world’s largest drug companies. The deal is aimed to help AstraZeneca bolster its offerings in the rare disease space. Alexion is the maker of Soliris, the only FDA-approved myasthenia gravis treatment on the market. The deal is expected to close next year (2021).


The Myasthenia Gravis Foundation of America (MGFA) has maintained a collaborative and active industry research partnership with Alexion, and we are encouraged that this announcement and acquisition could result in extremely strong benefits for the myasthenia community in the future. We are confident that our partnership with Alexion will continue and that our eventual collaboration with AstraZeneca could result in new opportunities in myasthenia treatments.


Ludwig Hantson, Ph.D., Chief Executive Officer, Alexion, said: “For nearly 30 years Alexion has worked to develop and deliver transformative medicines to patients around the world with rare and devastating diseases. I am incredibly proud of what our organisation has accomplished and am grateful to our employees for their contributions. We remain committed to continuing to serve the patients who rely on our medicines and firmly believe the combined organisation will be well positioned to accelerate innovation and deliver enhanced value for our shareholders, patients and the rare disease communities.”


“Alexion has established itself as a leader in complement biology, bringing life-changing benefits to patients with rare diseases,” said Pascal Soriot, AstraZeneca’s Chief Executive. This deal could help AstraZeneca expand into the immunology sector. AstraZenca, based in Cambridge, England, is also working on a COVID-19 vaccine drug.


MGFA Partner argenx Offers Two Year MG Study called MyRealWorld MG 

MyRealWorld MG is an international two-year study assessing the impact of Myasthenia Gravis on patients’ lives. Be part of this meaningful argenx-sponsored research study to better understand the lives of people living with MG. Working with patient organizations from 9 countries (US, Japan, Germany, UK, France, Italy, Spain, Canada, Belgium), biotechnology company argenx sponsors this innovative study and is inviting MG patients from around the world to participate and share information. You can download and use the MyRealWorld mobile app to enter data. READ MORE about this study HERE.


MGFA Partner Momenta announces acquisition by Johnson & Johnson

Momenta recently announced that it has entered into a definitive agreement of acquisition with Johnson & Johnson. The transaction is expected to close in the second half of 2020. The Myasthenia Gravis Foundation of America (MGFA) has maintained a collaborative and active industry research partnership with Momenta Pharmaceuticals, and we have been excited about the positive topline results from their interim analysis of the Vivacity-MG study investigating the Momenta drug nipocalimab in patients with Myasthenia Gravis.


Momenta President & Chief Executive Officer Craig Wheeler said in a statement today that "Programs such as nipocalimab have the potential to improve the lives of countless patients suffering from autoimmune and fetal maternal diseases. I believe J&J is the right company to advance our portfolio of novel drug candidates for autoimmune and rare diseases. J&J’s leadership in immunology, extensive capabilities, and global reach, as well as its alignment with our vision of pioneering therapies for complex diseases is a strong fit for our company and our portfolio.”


MGFA is confident that our partnership with Momenta will continue to stay strong in the months leading up to the official acquisition, and that the efforts to continue clinical research and testing of nipocalimab will continue in earnest. We are excited about the future for the MG Community.    


MGFA Transformative Grant Generates New Paper on Potential MG Biomarkers

Circulating Th1/17 cells a biomarker of disease severity and target for early intervention for MG patients.

Dr. Jeff Guptill and research staff at the Duke Early Phase Clinical Research Unit at Duke University Medical Center has submitted another new paper that has been accepted by the Journal of Neuroimmunology. The research was the result of a transformative grant provided by the Myasthenia Gravis Foundation of America.

This study focuses on a group of patients with myasthenia gravis (MG) who have anti‐muscle‐specific kinase antibodies (MuSK-MG). Patients with MuSK-MG tend to respond well to therapies that lower anti-MuSK antibodies. Follicular helper T (Tfh) cells are a type of immune cell (a subset of T-cells) that help another type of immune cell, called B cells, produce antibodies.

Tfh cells are not well-studied in MuSK-MG patients. In this study, we found that T cells in MuSK-MG promote inflammation. In addition, a subset of Tfh cells, called Tfh17 cells, are higher among patients with MuSK-MG than healthy people without MuSK-MG. These Tfh17 cells are in part responsible for the inflammatory response in MuSK-MG and may help B cells produce more antibodies.

In summary, these results support a role for Tfh cell dysfunction in MuSK-MG. Highly specific treatment strategies to rebalance Tfh cells are a potential target for treating patients with MuSK-MG in the future.

Click here to read the article or click here to read the full report.


Momenta Pharmaceuticals Announces New Results for nipocalimab in MG Patients

Momenta announced positive topline results from their interim analysis of the Vivacity-MG study investigating nipocalimab in patients with #MyastheniaGravis (MG). Read more about the results here.


Key highlights from the presentation we made this morning:

  • 52% of patients who received nipocalimab had rapid, significant and durable reductions in MG-ADL scores (at least a 2-point reduction from baseline for at least 4 consecutive weeks) across all doses, versus 15% of placebo treated patients.
  • A statistically significant relationship was observed between autoantibody (IgG) reduction and clinical benefit for patients taking nipocalimab (p<0.0001).
  • Patients across all four nipocalimab dosing arms showed rapid reductions in MG-ADL scores, with clinically meaningful changes in scores within two weeks. Anti-MuSK patients were also included in the study and had similar responses.
  • Nipocalimab was well tolerated, safe and efficacious in gMG patients. There were no severe or serious nipocalimab-related adverse events and most adverse events were characterized as mild.
  • The study findings support continued clinical development in gMG and subcutaneous formulation dose selection.


Active Epstein-Barr Virus Found in Myastheia Gravis Thymus

Cavalcante P, Serafini B, Mantegazza R. et al. Epstein-Barr virus persistence and reactivation in myasthenia gravis thymus. Ann Neurol 2010;67:726–738.

Investigators report evidence of the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) in the thymus of six patients with myasthenia gravis. None of the controls had EBV.  The Epstein-Barr virus is active in the thymus of myasthenia gravis patients, according to a new study in a small number of patients. If confirmed, this discovery could help explain the cause of the disease and, at least in theory, suggest new treatments. 


To read the full article, click here.


Research survey for rare disease patients and their families about impacts of COVID-19

How is the novel coronavirus pandemic impacting people with rare diseases and their families? Complete the 20-minute research survey from home or learn more at this link.


The Rare Diseases Clinical Research Network (RDCRN) is conducting this study. The network is funded by the National Institutes of Health. It includes 23 research teams working to advance diagnosis and treatment of groups of rare diseases. The Myasthenia Gravis Foundation of America and Conquer MG partners with RDCRN through its work with the Myasthenia Gravis Rare Disease Network (MGNet).


Guidance for the management of Myasthenia Gravis (MG) and Lambert-Eaton Myasthenic Syndrome (LEMS) during the COVID-19 pandemic

March 23, 2020 
International MG/COVID Working Group* 

International MG/COVID-19 Working Group1SaijuJacoba2SrikanthMuppidib2AmandaGuidoncJeffreyGuptilldMichaelHehireJames F.HowardJrfIsabelIllagRenatoMantegazzahHiroyukiMuraiiKimiakiUtsugisawajJohnVissingkHeinzWiendllRichard J.Nowakm2
Corona Virus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) is a new illness caused by a novel coronavirus, severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). Symptoms are variable but typically include fever, cough, respiratory symptoms, diarrhea, reduction of smell and taste sensation. Severity ranges from mild to severe and the virus may lead to pneumonia, acute respiratory distress syndrome and death, in some patients. Nearly every country in the world has been affected by this virus and is currently defined as a pandemic, by the World Health Organization. There are no known proven therapies for treating this virus and no vaccine to prevent the infection at this time. 


The full guidance is available here


MGFA Releases Call for Abstracts for 2020 Scientific Session

The 2020 Scientific Session will be held in conjunction with the 2020 AANEM Annual Meeting on October 7, at the JW Marriott Grande Lakes in Orlando, FL.  Our call for abstracts for the 2020 Scientific Session was released on March 16.

To view the call for abstracts, see here


Clinical Effects of the Self-administered Subcutaneous Complement Inhibitor Zilucoplan in Patients With Moderate to Severe Generalized Myasthenia GravisResults of a Phase 2 Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled, Multicenter Clinical Trial

Many patients with generalized myasthenia gravis (gMG) have substantial clinical disability, persistent disease burden, and adverse effects attributable to chronic immunosuppression. Therefore, there is a significant need for targeted, well-tolerated therapies with the potential to improve disease control and enhance quality of life.


The findings of the above-mentioned study, published by JAMA Neurology, support a potential therapeutic role for zilucoplan in generalized myasthenia gravis and further evaluation in a phase 3 study.


MGFA announces 2020 Research Funding Opportunities- Deadline Extended to 5/23/2020!

We are pleased to announce the release of our Request for Applications for our High Impact Clinical Research and Scientific Pilot Projects on Myasthenia Gravis and Related Neuromuscular Junction Disorders.


We are also very pleased to announce our first targeted research opportunity to benefit the Seronegative MG community


To learn about our research agenda and complete funding opportunities, see here


MGFA announces 2019 Pilot Grant Awards for 2020

We are pleased to announce our pilot grant awards for the upcoming year. MGFA pilot grants recognize promising research in clinical and basic sciences for myasthenia gravis. Research grants are awarded based on our Research Agenda, which is focused around five priorities: biomarkers, diseases mechanisms, targeted therapies, patient outcomes and pediatric treatment. To learn more about our research priorities and funding, see here.

  • 2019 High Impact Pilot Project Grant Award: Amanda C. Guidon, M.D., Massachusetts General Hospital, Neuromuscular Diagnostic Center, “Evaluation of automated techniques for decoding speech and movement abnormalities in myasthenia”  $55,000
  • 2019 High Impact Pilot Project Grant Award: Jeffrey T. Guptill, M.D., Duke University, “Metabolic Pathways of Pathogenic Th17 Cells in Myasthenia Gravis”  $55,000
  • 2019 High Impact Pilot Project Grant Award: Ricardo A. Maselli, M.D., University of California Davis, “CSF Delivery of AAV9-mediated gene therapy of congenital myasthenic syndrome due to CHAT mutations”  $55,000

We wish to extend our congratulations to these recent grantees. With this promising work in the pipeline, coupled with the efforts of MGNet, the MG research landscape has never looked brighter!   


To learn more about our research grants, see here.


University of California, San Francisco, Launches First Consortium on Pediatric MG in Partnership with MGFA and MDA

For families with children that have myasthenia gravis, we have some exciting news to share. Thanks to a generous gift from an anonymous donor to the University of California, San Francisco, the first clinical Pediatric Myasthenia Gravis Consortium is now a reality.  MGFA was honored to provide a grant to underwrite the costs for the September inaugural meeting of this exciting new project, and to participate on the advisory committee for the Consortium.


Response to Treatment in Pediatric Ocular MG 

In children, myasthenia gravis (MG) almost always appears in one of two forms: ocular myasthenia gravis (OMG), where weakness is evident only in the eyelids and surrounding tissue, whereas in generalized myasthenia gravis (GMG), various tissues throughout the body are affected. This study, published in Muscle & Nerve,  examines how these two disease types tend to differ from a clinical perspective, as well as patient response to treatment. 


National Institutes of Health (NIH) Awarded a Research Team at the George Washington University (GW) $7.8 million to Establish a Rare Disease Network for Myasthenia Gravis

The National Institutes of Health (NIH) has awarded a research team at the George Washington University (GW) $7.8 million to establish a rare disease network for myasthenia gravis. The network, which will be part of 25 established NIH Rare Diseases Clinical Research Networks, will include basic and clinical investigators, patient advocacy groups and biotechnology and pharmaceutical companies working together to enhance therapeutic development for this rare disease.  The team is led by former and current MGFA Medical and Scientific Advisory (MSAB) Chairs, Henry Kaminski, MD and Linda Kusner, PhD, and the steering committee members are all leaders of the MGFA MSAB as well. 


The grant will fund research into the underlying pathophysiology of the disease, provide fellowships in MG for young investigators, and fund pilot grants.  This funding will also ensure that the serum bank created by the MGFA’s transformative grant will continue.  

MGFA is proud to represent the MG Community as a member of MG Net, and has committed $250,000 of funding ($50,000 for each year) to support the project.  This commitment from MGFA, as well as that of Illinois-based Conquer MG, was instrumental in demonstrating the support of the MG Community for the project—an essential component of the criteria for funding established by the NIH. Press release available here.



Diabetes drug Metformin May Have Novel Therapeutic Potential to Treat MG

The study, "Metformin attenuates autoimmune disease of the neuromotor system in animal models of myasthenia gravis", published by International Immunopharmacology, used a mouse model to investigate the therapeutic potential of metformin on autoimmune myasthenia gravis. Researchers showed that oral administration of metformin diminished the onset, reduced clinical severity and led to a reduction in mortality in experimental autoimmune myasthenia gravis rats. 


Zilucoplan Receives Orphan Drug Status for Treating MG 

Ra Pharmaceuticals announced that the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted Orphan Drug Designation to zilucoplan for the treatment of myasthenia gravis. Ra Pharma is developing zilucoplan, a self-administered macrocyclic peptide inhibitor of complement component 5 (C5), for the treatment of generalized myasthenia gravis (gMG) and other rare, tissue-based complement-mediated diseases.


MG Metabolic Profile May Be Used to Predict Course and Treatment for MG

"Beyond the antibodies: serum metabolimic profiling of myasthenia gravis", published by Metabolomics, uses a profiling approach as a potential strategy for identifying biomarkers unique to myasthenia gravis. Comparisons between patients with MG vs. HC (healthy controls), and RA (rheumatoid arthritis) vs. HC were made using univariate and multivariate statistics.


Patterns of Muscle Weakness Vary Widely for MG Patients

"Heterogeneity and shifts in distribution of muscle weakness in myasthenia gravis", published by Neuromuscular Disorders, analyzes the distribution of muscle weakness in 225 AChR MG patients over time. The study identified phenotypes: ocular, bulbar, neck/ limbs/ respiratory, or a combination. MG patients frequently shift between phenotypes. These variations found in AChR MG suggest that other factors aside from the ACHR antibody mediated immune response are important in determining the disease expression of MG. 


Poorer Nerve Cell Response in Diagnostic Tests May Prompt More Aggressive Treatment Recommendations for MG

Patients who initially showed greater fluctuations in the electric signal at the neuromuscular junction and lower electrical signals (reduced by 20% or more) were more frequently positive for autoantibodies and had generalized disease. These patients were also classified as having more severe disease, having higher quantitative (above 10.5) myasthenia gravis score (QMGS) at baseline, compared to patients with better electrophysiological test results. See here for the full article from the Canadian Journal of Neurological Sciences, "Baseline Decrement in Patients with Mild Myasthenia Gravis Predicts Immunomodulation Treatment".


MGFA Statement on Marijuana and MG

Several states have legalized the use of marijuana for medical and/or recreational use.  Can marijuana or chemicals extracted or based upon components of marijuana help people with MG?  Let’s consider what is currently known about medical benefits of marijuana. In researching this topic, members of the MGFA Medical and Scientific Advisory Board (MSAB), reviewed the scientific literature and the information available from reputable sources such as the National Institutes of Health, the American Academy of Neurology, the American Neurological Association and the American Medical Association. For more detail and our full statement, see here


Adverse Events in Placebo-Treated MG Patients do not Result in Higher Clinical Trial Dropout Rate

The study, "Nocebo effect in myasthenia gravis: systematic review and meta-analysis of placebo-controlled clinical trials", published in the journal Acta Neurologia Belgica, is a meta-analysis of adverse events experienced by patients with myasthenia gravis following placebo treatment. The study demonstrates a low nocebo dropout rate in MG comapted to central nervous system disorders. 


MG Patients with Coexisting Autoimmune Diseases do not have Higher Disease Burden 

While many MG patients were affected by fatigue, sleepiness, depression and anxiety, the study, "Impact of autoimmune comorbidity on fatigue, slepiness and mood in myasthenia gravis",  does not suggest that coexisting autoimmune diseases substantially contribute to the magnitude of these cumbersome comorbid symptoms. However, the higher frequency of steroid treatment may have counterbalanced the effects of the autoimmune comorbidity. 


Zilucoplan, a Subcutaneously Self-Administered Peptide Inhibitor of Complement Component 5 (C5), for the Treatment of Generalized Myasthenia Gravis: Results of Phase 2 Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Trial and Open-Label Long-Term Extension 

Results of the Phase 2 study were presented at the 2019 American Academy of Neurology Annual Meeting in May: 



Retrospective Study to Determine the Efficacy of Rituximab in Treating Myasthenia Gravis

A group of scientists in Austria conducted a study to determine the efficacy of rituximab in treating myasthenia gravis. The study, titled, “High efficacy of rituximab for myasthenia gravis: a comprehensive nationwide study in Austria” looked at 56 patients and studied their response to rituximab, finding that 26.4% of the patients studied were in remission after three months of treatment. In this retrospective study on RTX for MG, the largest to date, RTX appeared safe, efficacious and fast acting. Benefit from RTX was greatest in MuSK ab + MG.

A World Without MG